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This territory was known as Illyria, corresponding roughly to the area east of the Adriatic sea to the mouth of the Vjosë river in the south.One of the most powerful tribes that ruled over modern Albania was the Ardiaei.Albania is in the southwestern portion of the Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast.Much of the country is mountainous, including the Albanian Alps in the north, the Korab Mountains in the east, the Ceraunian Mountains in the south and the Skanderbeg Mountains in the center.A part of this population later moved to Mycenae around 1600 BC and founded the Mycenaean civilisation there.In ancient times, the territory of modern Albania was mainly inhabited by a number of Illyrian tribes.The unified Principality of Arbër emerged in 1190, established by archon Progon in the Krujë, within the Byzantine Empire.

Arbanon is considered to be the first sketch of an Albanian state, that retained a semi-autonomous status as the western extremity of an empire, under the Byzantine Doukai of Epirus or Laskarids of Nicaea.

Gentius clashed with the Romans in 168 BC, initiating the Third Illyrian War.

The conflict resulted in Roman conquest of the region by 167 BC.

After the defeat of Nazi Germany, a Communist state titled the People's Socialist Republic of Albania was founded under the leadership of Enver Hoxha and the Party of Labour.

The country experienced widespread social and political transformations in the communist era, as well as isolation from much of the international community.

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